These leaks are not unexpected acts from the American Administration because if we take into consideration that the approach to the Syrian crisis for one year and more was according to one conclusion that behind all Arab Spring are American geopolitical plans to overthrow unpleasant regimes in the Middle East. I think that it is unexpected only for those who were considering the Middle East revolutions as a business of internal Arab world. But in my opinion the United States of America helped the situation in the Arab world during one year and this is why we consider that all what is going on is based on American policy. I think that it is not an unexpected step. America helped opposition leaders with weapons, with instructions, with financing, with political and informational support. They faced the Russian position that suggested a political solution, an international, inter-Syrian dialog but it was absolutely unclear whether this Russian suggestion for the American side is acceptable.
Now these leaks that were not accidental opened the door for understanding, that push puts an end on Kofi Annan’s mission. These Russian efforts to preserve the situation from a military confrontation, to put it into a framework of political solution cannot be realized with American rejection. America rejects Russian efforts for a peaceful solution and prefers military actions. I think that the response to this American approach will be one – increasing military tension in Syria. And I think that Russia should put an end on its efforts to influence the Syrian authorities to calm down military confrontation. Military confrontation is not the initiative of the Syrian Government, military confrontation on increasing basis is a subject of American policy in the Middle East. So, it is not for the Russians, for the Americans to decide the behavior of the Syrian authorities. The Syrian authorities I’m sure will defend themselves and they have all opportunities to withstand this informational, political and now open military pressure on them.
But Mr. Matuzov, how legal could this move be from the point of view of international legislation because as far as we understand the UE Security Council has never approved any assistance either to the opposition or to the governmental forces?
I think that after the crushing of the Soviet Union the US forgot about international law, about the Security Council resolutions, about all legitimacy of their actions. We watched these things in Kosovo, we watched these things in Bosnia, in Iraq, in Afghanistan and in many other places in the world. I think that now the US demonstrates the unipolar approach to the solution of all hot issues in the world. I think it is a continuation of American geopolitical game aiming at imposing on the world their will as the last judge for any problems and questions existing in our globe.
Mr. Matuzov, this leak is a kind of unprecedented openness on the part of the US authorities which definitely have confronted on a staunched opposition from Russia and China in the matter of Syria. You have extensive contacts in the Arab world. So, what could this open position of the US, what implications could it have for the stance of the US in the Middle East?
Americans look at the Russian and the Chinese position as a confrontation. So, it is confronting not only the Syrian regime, it is confronting international law, it is imposing on Russia and China new rules of the world order, that they prefer to be dominating in the 21st century in relations with the Russian Federation, with the Chinese Republic, with all over the world. I think that we are witnessing new efforts of the US Administration to impose on the world the new order of a power that can dominate and can give orders to other states.
Could it backfire on the US?
I don’t think it will backfire on the US because the US is a great power, it is certainly. And I think that it is absolutely clear that resistance to this policy will continue. And I’m sure that the Russian position is absolutely clearly laid down by our Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov who explained that events surrounding Syria are not events that concern only local or regional issues, as Mr. Lavrov said – it is a regulation of the new international law that will be dominating in the 21st century. I absolutely agree with Mr. Lavrov.