Originally, the initiative belonged to American parents, psychologists and teachers who were concerned over the risk that their children might access adult-content web sites. The US Congress worked out the CommunicationsDecency Actof 1996 which suggested banning web sites that could insult somebody’s feelings or contain obscene materials. When it turned out that the act violated the Constitution`s Amendment I it was suspended.
Nowadays all countries somehow censor the web, which is the right thing to do since the Internet cannot just spread materials about pornography and drugs, but also stir up extremism. The Arab Spring uprising is a good example to prove this.
Being the best means to share your thoughts with the world, the Internet presents some difficulties to the authorities as they want to have control over public opinion, Francesco D`Agata, lawyer with Sportello dei diritti human rights organization, told the VoR…
"They say that want to censor the web to fight crime and corruption, or tax evasion. The authorities use this as a pretext although this initiative violates people’s right for free exchange of thought and opinion. It reminds me of George Orwell`s novel “1984”. Many international non-governmental organizations have been fighting to have the right to freely express their thoughts. We hope there will be no more totalitarian control in our life.”
In 2004 the U.S.-based MetaCarta company launched a project to make software that would allow spotting the location of authors who publish any kind of materials on the web. The project is sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) which is the Pentagon’s research branch. Similar projects were also launched in some European countries. Chief editor for ‘National Defence’ magazine Igor Korotchenko comments…
"In Sweden, electronic communication between citizens is controlled by Internet providers and the national telecommunication systems. A similar system of censorship has long been introduced in the U.S. They can locate any Internet user if necessary. There has never been and won`t ever be anonymity on the U.S. web. Actually, when it comes to protecting Internet users from harmful materials Russia should more actively use the foreign experience.”
Mr. Korotchenko believes that Russia has not realized yet that the western countries have plenty of opportunities to shape public opinion in Russia through the Internet. China did realize this long ago and took all necessary measures. Microsoft chairman Bill Gates insists, however, that it is impossible to censor the web.